As we all know, everyday activities like walking from your car to the front door become potentially hazardous in the winter. Building and maintaining your muscles—especially when you have to travel on slippery ice and snow—is critically important to keep your body strong, improving your physical resiliency, and minimizing the likelihood that you will fall.

There are small steps you can take every day to maintain your overall physical health. It is so important to do what you can to keep your body as strong, limber, and as active as you can manage. This puts you in the best possible position for a quick and easy recovery should you ever fall and injure yourself. Plus, by maintaining your overall health, you are likely to experience an increase in your energy, and you may feel happier—an added benefit during dark and cold winters.

Here are three things that you can do to build and maintain your muscles.

Do What Makes You Happy: We give the same advice to all of our patients. Find an activity you love, and do it. Regular exercise keeps the blood flowing to your muscles. It also helps maintain your range of motion, and it keeps your heart and lungs strong. Plus, it will make you feel great and increase your energy.

Take a Walk: Walking is one of the best exercises you can do. Walking uses your whole body, your core, your arms, and your legs, and it can help improve balance and coordination. In the winter, many people choose to walk inside, on a treadmill or at the mall. If you go outside, make sure to dress warmly. Wear fleece or wool over a light synthetic layer with a water-resistant outer layer, and be sure to choose the proper footwear. Wear shoes with a good tread to improve traction, and consider a studded overshoe, like Yaktrax, for additional support. Avoid heels and leather soles.

Focus on your Quads: Sit-to-Stand Exercises are a good option to build your core and quadriceps muscles. Your quads, which are key to helping you maintain your balance, make up the bulk of your thighs and are some of the largest muscles in your body. There are many resources available on the internet with step-by-step instructions for this exercise, including Go4Life from the National Institute on Aging at NIH. Go4Life is a wealth of information about exercises geared toward older adults.

And, remember, when you are walking on the ice and snow, bend your knees slightly and keep your center of gravity over your front leg. Walk flat footed and bring your arms out at each side for balance. Call it the penguin walk!